A brief history of Artificial Intelligence.

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Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence exhibited by machines. In computer science, an ideal “intelligent” machine is a flexible rational agent that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of success at an arbitrary goal.in easy words, a machine capable of performing human tasks or decision with its own mind.In order to tell you more you first need to realize the role played by history in developing the concept about A.I.

History of A.I.

 

The history of artificial intelligence (AI) began in antiquity, with myths, stories and rumors of artificial beings endowed with intelligence or consciousness by master craftsmen; as Pamela McCorduck writes, AI began with “an ancient wish to forge the gods.”

The seeds of modern AI were planted by classical philosophers who attempted to describe the process of human thinking as the mechanical manipulation of symbols. This work culminated in the invention of the programmable digital computer in the 1940s, a machine based on the abstract essence of mathematical reasoning. This device and the ideas behind it inspired a handful of scientists to begin seriously discussing the possibility of building an electronic brain.

The Turing test was proposed by British mathematician Alan Turing in his 1950 paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence, which opens with the words: “I propose to consider the question, ‘Can machines think?'” The term ‘Artificial Intelligence’ was created at a conference held at Dartmouth College in 1956. Allen Newell, J. C. Shaw, and Herbert A. Simon pioneered the newly created artificial intelligence field with the Logic Theory Machine (1956), and the General Problem Solver in 1957.In 1958, John McCarthy and Marvin Minsky started the MIT Artificial Intelligence lab with $50,000. John McCarthy also created LISP in the summer of 1958, a programming language still important in artificial intelligence research.

In 1973, in response to the criticism of James Lighthill and ongoing pressure from congress, the U.S. and British Governments stopped funding undirected research into artificial intelligence. Seven years later, a visionary initiative by the Japanese Government inspired governments and industry to provide AI with billions of dollars, but by the late 80s the investors became disillusioned and withdrew funding again.

It is the field where companies ,government are investing a lot without hesitating ,because they knew if some day their “artificial intelligence” worked out as they are thinking than they can be unstopable.Terminator_28453_4db5a1135e73d67af40067b5_1303953272-640x360

okay okay dont freak out this is the picture of terminator and a.i robots wont look like this ,not in this century or next or next.

artificial intelligence is so vast that almost anything can be achieve from it.Here are the list of things that we can achieve

  • Artificial life
  • Automated reasoning
  • Automation
  • Biologically inspired computing
  • Concept mining
  • Data mining
  • Knowledge representation
  • Semantic Web
  • Robotics
    • Behavior-based robotics
    • Cognitive
    • Cybernetics
    • Developmental robotics (Epigenetic)
    • Evolutionary robotics
  • Hybrid intelligent system
  • Intelligent agent
  • Intelligent control
  • Litigation

hopefully i will write a comprehensive note on A.I. in which i will discuss that how it works,BTW it is really long and hassle topic but i will try my best to cover it.

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